May 31, 2023, 11:45 PM IST
The Maldives is a low-lying island nation in the Indian Ocean, making it particularly vulnerable to rising sea levels. As sea levels continue to rise, the Maldives may face complete inundation.
It is a densely populated country with a significant portion of its landmass located in low-lying coastal areas. The combination of rising sea levels and increased frequency of extreme weather events put Bangladesh at risk of substantial land loss.
Kiribati is another small island nation in the Pacific Ocean that is highly vulnerable to sea-level rise. The government has already purchased land in Fiji as a potential future home for its population.
Tuvalu, a Polynesian island nation, faces similar challenges to other low-lying countries due to rising sea levels. The small size and limited resources of Tuvalu make it particularly susceptible to the impacts of climate change.
Egypt is heavily dependent on the Nile River, which is at risk of reduced water flow due to changing rainfall patterns and increased temperatures. As climate change affects the Nile's flow, it could impact Egypt's agricultural productivity.
Somalia already faces multiple challenges, including political instability and recurrent droughts. With climate change exacerbating these issues, droughts and increasing desertification may further strain the country's resources.
Sudan is vulnerable to climate change impacts, including desertification, increased temperatures, and changing rainfall patterns. These factors can lead to a massive hunger crisis in the country.
The Marshall Islands, located in the Pacific Ocean, are also at risk from rising sea levels. The country's low-lying coral atolls face the potential loss of land and contamination of freshwater resources.